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4-Note Chord 2 Octave-Displacement Voicings

One voice displaced by 2 octaves

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice = Closed  

    1st voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice, 2nd voice 16va,

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 4th voice, 3rd voice 16va, 

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice 16va

    2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice, 1st voice 16va

2 voices displaced by 1, 2 octaves

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice = Closed

    1st voice, 4th voice, 2nd voice 8va, 3rd voice 16va

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice 8va, 4th voice 16va

    2nd voice, 3rd Voice, 1st voice 8va, 4th voice 16va

    2nd Voice, 4th Voice, 1st Voice 8va, 3rd voice 16va

    3rd Voice, 4th Voice, 1st Voice 8va, 2nd voice 16va  

   

    1st voice, 4th voice, 3rd voice 8va, 2nd voice 16va

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 4th voice 8va, 3rd voice 16va

    2nd voice, 3rd Voice, 4th voice 8va, 1st voice 16va, 

    2nd Voice, 4th Voice, 3rd voice 8va, 1st Voice 16va,  

    3rd Voice, 4th Voice, 2nd voice 8va, 1st Voice 16va   

3 voices displaced by 1, 1, 2 octaves  

   1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice = Closed  

   1st voice, 2nd voice 8va, 3rd voice 8va, 4th voice 16va

   2nd voice, 1st voice 8va, 3rd voice 8va, 4th voice 16va

   3rd voice, 1st voice 8va, 2nd voice 8va, 4th voice 16va

  4th voice, 1st voice 8va, 2nd voice 8va, 3rd voice 16va

  

  1st voice, 2nd voice 8va, , 4th voice 8va 3rd voice 16a   

   2nd voice, 1st voice 8va, 4th voice 8va, 3rd voice 16va

   3rd voice, 1st voice 8va, , 4th voice 8va 2nd voice 16va

   4th voice, 1st voice 8va,  3rd voice 8va, 2nd voice 16va           

 

   1st voice, 3rd voice 8va, 4th voice 8va, 2nd voice 16va

   2nd voice, 3rd voice 8va, 4th voice 8va, 1st voice 16va

   3rd voice, 2nd voice 8va, 4th voice 8va,1st voice 16va

   4th voice, 2nd voice 8va, 3rd voice 8va, 1st voice 16va     

3 voices displaced by 1, 2, 2 octaves  

   1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice = Closed  

   1st voice, 2nd voice 8va, 3rd voice 16va, 4th voice 16va

   2nd voice, 1st voice 8va, 3rd voice 16va, 4th voice 16va

   3rd voice, 1st voice 8va, 2nd voice 16va, 4th voice 16va

  4th voice, 1st voice 8va, 2nd voice 16va, 3rd voice 16va  

  1st voice, 2nd voice 8va, , 4th voice 16va 3rd voice 16a

   2nd voice, 1st voice 8va, 4th voice 16va, 3rd voice 16va

   3rd voice, 1st voice 8va, , 4th voice 16va 2nd voice 16va

   4th voice, 1st voice 8va,  3rd voice 16va, 2nd voice 16va           

   1st voice, 3rd voice 8va, 4th voice 16va, 2nd voice 16va

   2nd voice, 3rd voice 8va, 4th voice 16va, 1st voice 16va

   3rd voice, 2nd voice 8va, 4th voice 16va,1st voice 16va

   4th voice, 2nd voice 8va, 3rd voice 16va, 1st voice 16va     

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4-note Chord Octave-displacement Voicings  

4-note Chord Octave-displacement Voicings

One voice displaced by an octave:

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice = Closed

    1st voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice, 2nd voice 8va,

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 4th voice, 3rd voice 8va,

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice 8va

    2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice, 1st voice 8va

2 voices displaced by an octave:

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice = Closed

    1st voice, 4th voice, 2nd voice 8va, 3rd voice 8va

    1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice 8va, 4th voice 8va

    2nd voice, 3rd Voice, 1st voice 8va, 4th voice 8va

    2nd Voice, 4th Voice, 1st Voice 8va, 3rd voice 8va

    3rd Voice, 4th Voice, 1st Voice 8va, 2nd voice 8va

3 voices displaced by an octave

   1st voice, 2nd voice, 3rd voice, 4th voice = Closed

   1st voice, 2nd voice 8va, 3rd voice 8va, 4th voice 8va

   2nd voice, 1st voice 8va, 3rd voice 8va, 4th voice 8va  

   3rd voice, 1st voice 8va, 2nd voice 8va, 4th voice 8va

   4th voice, 1st voice 8va, 2nd voice 8va, 3rd voice 8va

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Optimal Range of Movement

The optimal range of all possible movements.  

 

Posture vs. Movement

 

 

 

The optimal range of all possible movements is the middle 2/4ths of the range of motion.  

 

0 degrees = neutral position for all joint angles.    

 

Neck Flexion and Extension: 0-23 Degrees (that’s probably a lot less than you would want in order to look at the fretboard).

 

Neck Rotation: 0-40 Degrees. 

 

Neck Lateral Flexion: 0-25 degrees

 

Shoulder forward flexion: 0-90 degrees 

 

Shoulder external rotation: 0-45 degrees

 

Shoulder Abduction: 0-95 degrees

 

Shoulder External rotation: 0-45 degrees 

 

Elbow Flexion/Extension: 25-125 degrees

 

Forearm pronation: 0-60 degrees 

 

Forearm supination 0-65 degrees  

 

Wrist flexion: 0-65 degrees 

 

Wrist extension: 0-65 degrees 

 

Wrist radial deviation: 0-15 degrees 

 

Wrist ulnar deviation: 0-23 degrees 

 

Finger Metacarpal Phalangeal flexion/extension: 20-60 degrees

 

Finger Proximal inter-phalangeal flexion/extension: 25-75 degrees 

 

Finger Distal inter-phalangeal flexion/extension: 20-60 

 

Thumb basal joint Palmar Adduction/Abduction Contact/45

Radial Adduction/Abduction Contact/60

 

Thumb Interphalangeal Hyperextension/Flexion 15H/80

 

Thumb Metacarpophalangeal Hyperextension/Flexion 10/55

 

 

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Maximal Range of Movement

Playing guitar involves contracting muscles of the upper body for up to 8 hours at a time.  Guitars weigh 1-10 pounds.  Your body must bear this weight while making light, but vigorous, and often fast, motions with the hand, arm and shoulder.  

 

If your body is already messed up, playing guitar has the potential to make it worse.

 

Here are a few range of motion tests you to see if you are in the minimum physical condition to play guitar:

 

Neck: 

 

 

Shoulder:

 

 

 

Elbow:

 

 

 

Forarm Rotation: 

 

 

 

Wrist: 

 

 

 

Fingers 

 

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Scales

Scales are 7 notes.  The Major and Minor scales are common and familiar.  I add sharps to"brighten," and flats to "darken" them. Through this "shading," I create a spectrum of scale sound-colors.   

Major + 1 Flat

1234567= Major

1b234567= Major b2

12b34567 = Melodic Minor

1234b567 = Major b5 

12345b67 = Harmonic Major 

123456b7 = Mixolydian  

Major + 1 Sharp

1234567= Major

1#234567= Major #2

123#4567 = Lydian

1234#567 = Major #5 

12345#67 = Major #6

Melodic Minor + 1 Flat

12b34567= Melodic Minor 

1b2b34567= Melodic Minor b2

12b3b4567 = Melodic Minor b4

12b34b567 = Melodic Minor b5 

12b345b67 = Harmonic Minor 

12b3456b7 = Dorian  

Melodic Minor + 1 Sharp

12b34567= Melodic Minor

12b3#4567 = Melodic Minor #4

12b34#567 = Melodic minor #5 

12b345#67 = Melodic Minor #6

Lydian + 1 Flat

123#4567= Lydian 

1b23#4567= Lydian b2

123#45b67 = Lydian b6 

123#456b7 = Mixolydian #4  

Lydian + 1 Sharp

123#4567= Lydian

1#23#4567= Lydian #2

12#3#4567 = Lydian #3

123#4#567 = Lydian #5 

123#45#67 = Lydian #6

Dorian + 1 Flat

12b3456b7= Dorian

1b2b3456b7= Dorian b2

12b3b456b7 = Dorian b4 

12b34b56b7 = Dorian b5 

12b345b6b7 = Natural Minor/Aeolian

Dorian + 1 Sharp

12b3456b7= Dorian

12b3#456b7 = Dorian #4

12b34#56b7 = Dorian #5

Lydian Augmented + 1 Flat

123#4#567= Lydian Augmented

1b23#4#567= Lydian Augmented b2

12b3#4#567 = Melodic Minor #4, #5

123#4#56b7 = Mixolydian #4, #5   

Lydian Augmented + 1 Sharp

123#4#567= Lydian Augmented 

1#23#4#567= Lydian Augmented #2

12#3#4#567 = Lydian Augmented #3 

123#4#5#67 = Lydian Augmented #6

Aeolian + 1 Flat

12b345b6b7= Aeolian

1b2b345b6b7= Phrygian

12b3b45b6b7 = Aeolian b4

12b34b5b6b7 = Aeolian b5/Locrian Natural 2

Aeolian + 1 Sharp

12b34567= Major

1#234567= Major #2

123#4567 = Lydian

1234#567 = Major #5 

12345#67 = Major #6

Lydian Augmented #2 + 1 Flat 

1#23#4#567= Lydian Augmented #2

1#23#4#56b7= Lydian Dominant Augmented #2

Lydian Augmented #2 + 1 Sharp

1#23#4#567= Lydian Augmented #2

1#2#3#4#567= Lydian Augmented #2 #3

1#23#4#56#7= Lydian Augmented #2 #6

Phrygian + 1 Flat

1b2b345b6b7= Phrygian

1b2b34b5b6b7= Locrian 

1b2b3b45b6b7= Phrygian b4

Phrygian + 1 Sharp

1b2b345b6b7= Phrygian

1b2b3#45b6b7= Phrygian #4  

Major plus 6 Flats

1234567= Major

1b2b3b4b5b6b7= Locrian b4

Major + 5 Sharps

1234567= Major

  • 1#2#3#4#5#67= Lydian Augmented #2 #3 #6

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